Phonics is when we teach the children the names of letters and the sounds that the letters make. We initially focus on the letter sounds. This gives them the knowledge they need to develop as readers.
From Reception through to Year 2 we teach phonics in phases from 1 – 6. They will move to the next phase as they become secure with the sounds, this includes recognising the sounds within words while reading and applying their sounds to their independent writing. During Reception they will mainly focus on phases 2 and 3.
Tricky words are those words which cannot be sounded out correctly using the letter sounds. The only way these words can be read and spelt correctly is by learning them and having plenty of practise. Please see a list of tricky words in the document below.